The words pedicure and manicure are derived from Latin words. Pedicure came from the latin word pedis meaning feet and cura meaning care. Thus pedicure means the care of the feet. Manicure came from the latin word manus meaning hands and, again cura, meaning care. So manicure is the care of the hands.Manicures and pedicures are similiar but not quite the same.
In a manicure your fingernails are trimmed (if desired), soaked in a finger bowl with warm soapy water, filed, and ridges are buffed off the surface of the nail. The cuticles are softened, pushed back, and possibly removed. Dirt is cleaned out from under the free edge (the part that hangs over and extends beyond your fingers) of your nails and brushed with a nail brush. As is the surface of your nails. A hand massage is performed with lotion and in some cases an arm massage too. Then fingernails are painted with a base coat, two coats of desired color, and a top coat. That’s a basic manicure.
There are also ones where fake nails or fake nail tips are applied over your natural nail. I’m not very educated on how they do those types so I won’t go into that. Regular manicures have many benefits other than the beauty factor. They can help with circulation or muscle aches in the arms, wrists, hands, and fingers, and may help relieve pain due to tendonitis in the wrists. Pedicures are slightly different. Your toe nails are clipped if desired or needed first. Then your feet are soaked in a small bubbling, vibrating, heated tub of warm water.
Think of a hot tub for your feet. Many salons have the chairs that are attached to the big tubs that have back massagers in the apolestry. Toenails are filed and cuticles are pushed back and then comes a series of treatments that are all massaged into your feet and your legs up to but not past your knees. A cosmetologist that performs pedicures is not licensed to massage any area above the knee. First in the lotion treatments is what’s referred to as a slough. It needs to be completely rubbed in until it flakes off. The slough removes dead rough skin and dead skin cells. That’s what flakes off and why it is necessary to be rubbed in completely. A scrub is applied next which continues to remove dead skin cells by bumping them off the surface and it also is used to break down calluses on the bottom of your feet. This process is exfolliation. A pumice stone or foot file is used at this time in conjunction with the scrub in order to remove or at least smooth calluses. Not all calluses can be completely removed in the first pedicure if feet are severely damaged. Only routine pedicures can mend this problem.
One every week to two weeks is reccommended. This part of the pedicure can be very ticklish if you are in fact ticklish on the bottom of your feet. A cooling gel is then applied and it soothes the feet after all the scrubbing maintainence on your feet is performed. It feels like a cool breeze blowing on your feet. A treatment is applied next and your feet are wrapped in towels and needs to set for a few minutes. This helps soften your feet further. Then a moisturizing lotion is applied and a foot and leg massage is performed.
After the massage they will place disposable flip flops on your feet clean the excess lotion from your toe nails with nail polish remover and paint them in the same manner that it is applied to finger nails. Routine pedicures can relieve back and leg pain, help with circulation in the legs and feet which is especially beneficial for diabetics, and actually may help you sleep better at night. I am a cosmetologist and I hope this detailed definition helps answer your question.